Updated: Jan 18, 2021
Front-end and back-end development are the key components that maintain optimal system function in applications and websites. Front-end operations deal with the system interface while backend is usually behind the scenes dealing with servers, databases, and other applications that deliver information to the user.
Since back-end and front-end are different aspects of development, they have become highly specialized. Each has very specific programming languages, and frameworks that require targeted technical expertise. This is thus the etiology of highly specialized front-end and back-end developers who focus on specific parts of front-end and back-end development respectively. There’s yet another unique set of developers; the full-stack developers. These are well-placed to handle every single aspect of both back-end and front-end development.
Front-End Development Explained
Cascading Style Sheets, or CSS for short, controls the outlook of a website. It sets the fonts, colors, backgrounds, and even the layout of every page. CSS controls HTML presentation. For instance, it can be used to align various HTML elements in ways that are different from the arrangement in the HTML file.
The latest version of CSS, CSS4 is even more exciting to work with as it has a myriad of other usable features such as animations and basic interactivity.
HyperText Markup Language, HTML, is the framework upon which a website is built. HTML builds the content and structure of a website. The most recent HTML is HTML5.
Back-End Development Explained
Back-end architects design and built the systems, data layers and other services that support a website. As such, backend developers may also work with various algorithms in a website as well as with front-end developers to create solutions that offer enhance user interaction and satisfaction.
Back-end programming indeed forms the major building block for major content management systems such as WordPress as well as most of the complex web applications being used today. It’s in fact not wrong to think that it’s through back-end programming that you find solutions and build anything that you want.
Datasets and algorithms are the backbones of back-end coding. Database technologies that are SQL variants are thus quite indispensable when creating back-end models and database queries.
Full-Stack Development Explained
Web development is highly dynamic. What we call front-end or back-end development today may change radically change a few years down the line. Therefore, if you are thinking of joining the web development community, better make yourself as versatile and forward-thinking as you possibly can.